Uburyo bwo kubungabunga moteri yamakamyo

Kimwe mu bintu byingenzi mukubungabunga amakamyo ni ukubungabunga moteri.Nkingirakamaro nkumutima wumuntu, moteri ya mazutu numutima wikamyo, isoko yimbaraga.Nigute ushobora kubungabunga umutima wikamyo?Kubungabunga neza birashobora kongera igihe cya serivisi ya moteri no kugabanya igipimo cyo gutsindwa.Ibintu nyamukuru byo kubungabunga bikorerwa hafi ya “filtri eshatu”.Kubungabunga akayunguruzo ko mu kirere, gushungura amavuta, hamwe na lisansi ya lisansi ibemerera gutanga umukino wuzuye kuruhare rwabo mukoresha no gufasha moteri kurangiza neza imirimo yo gusohora ingufu.

1. Kubungabunga akayunguruzo

Sisitemu yo gufata umwuka wa moteri igizwe ahanini na filteri yo mu kirere hamwe n'umuyoboro wo gufata umwuka.Akayunguruzo ko mu kirere kayungurura umwuka watanzwe kugirango umenye neza ko umwuka mwiza ugezwa kuri moteri.Ukurikije uburyo butandukanye bwo gukoresha, akayunguruzo kogeramo amavuta-kwiyuhagira birashobora gutorwa, kandi akayunguruzo gashobora guhanagurwa cyangwa gusimburwa buri gihe.Urupapuro rwumukungugu rwikariso rwakoreshejwe rugomba guhindurwa umukungugu buri masaha 50-100 (mubisanzwe icyumweru) hanyuma ugasukurwa na brush yoroheje cyangwa umuyaga.

Koresha amavuta yo kwiyuhagira.Sukura akayunguruzo hanyuma usimbuze amavuta yo kwisiga hamwe na mazutu isukuye buri masaha 100-200 (ibyumweru bibiri).Mugihe ukoresha, witondere kongeramo amavuta yo kwisiga ukurikije amabwiriza.Mubihe bisanzwe, usimbuze akayunguruzo hamwe nundi mushya igihe cyose akayunguruzo gasukuwe inshuro eshatu.Isimbuze ako kanya niba yangiritse cyangwa yanduye cyane.
Icya kabiri, kubungabunga amavuta yo kuyungurura
Mugihe cyo gukoresha moteri ya mazutu, ibyuma bikora akazi bizashira.Niba akayunguruzo k'amavuta katabitswe mugihe, amavuta arimo umwanda ntashobora kuyungurura neza, bizatera akayunguruzo kumeneka cyangwa gukingura valve yumutekano, uhereye kumurongo wa bypass.Gutambuka bizagarura kandi umwanda mugice cyo gusiga, kwihutisha kwambara kwa moteri, kongera umwanda imbere, kandi bigira ingaruka kumurimo wa moteri ya mazutu.Kubwibyo, gushungura amavuta bigomba gusimburwa igihe cyose amavuta abitswe.Akayunguruzo k'ibintu bya buri moderi biratandukanye, guhuza ibiyungurura bigomba gukoreshwa, bitabaye ibyo kuyungurura bikaba bitemewe.

3. Kubungabunga ibiyungurura
Kumodoka ndende, hariho sitasiyo nini nini nini zicanwa kumuhanda, kandi mazutu idahwitse izongerwaho kubungabungwa neza.Abashoferi bakunze kwita "lisansi nto".Ibyago bya "amavuta make" kuri moteri birigaragaza.Mbere ya byose, nyamuneka reba neza sitasiyo yizewe kugirango yuzuze lisansi yujuje ibyangombwa.Akayunguruzo ka mazutu niyo nzitizi yanyuma yo kurinda sisitemu ya lisansi.Ugereranije na tekinoroji ya sisitemu gakondo, sisitemu ya gari ya moshi irarenze kandi isobanutse, kandi isaba ubuziranenge bwa gari ya moshi zisanzwe zungurura lisansi.Kubwibyo, kubungabunga lisansi ya lisansi ni ngombwa cyane.Hariho ubwoko bubiri: filteri yuzuye ya peteroli na filteri nziza.

Buri masaha 100-200 yo gukora (ibyumweru bibiri, byibura kilometero 20.000 ukurikije umubare wa kilometero), filteri zitandukanye za lisansi muri sisitemu yo gutanga lisansi zigomba kugenzurwa no gusimburwa, kandi mugihe kimwe, ukareba niba itandukanya amavuta-amazi. ikora neza, kandi Niba igitoro cya lisansi hamwe nimiyoboro yose ya lisansi yanduye, sukura igitoro cya lisansi hamwe nibitoro byose nibiba ngombwa.Ibice byose bigize sisitemu yo gutanga ibitoro bigomba gukorwa mugihe cyimihindagurikire ya peteroli.Dizel ikoreshwa igomba kuba yujuje ibihe kandi igakorerwa amasaha 48 yimvura nogusukura.
4. Ibindi bibazo bikeneye kwitabwaho.
1. Guhitamo mazutu
Menya igitekerezo cyo gukonjesha (ingingo yo gukonjesha), ubushyuhe bwo hejuru aho urugero rwamavuta rukonjeshwa kurwego rwamazi ntirugenda mubihe byagenwe, bizwi kandi ko bikonje.Niba ingingo yo gukonjesha ari ndende cyane, biroroshye gutera guhagarika uruziga rwamavuta kubushyuhe buke.Mu gihugu cyacu, ikimenyetso cya mazutu gishingiye ku gukonjesha.Ingingo yo gukonjesha niyo shingiro ryingenzi ryo guhitamo mazutu.Kubwibyo, mazutu ikwiye igomba guhitamo mubice bitandukanye nibihe bitandukanye.
Ibyiciro nyamukuru:
Hano hari ibyiciro birindwi byamavuta ya mazutu yoroheje: 10, 5, 0, -10, -20, -30, -50
Hano hari ibirango bitatu byamavuta ya mazutu aremereye: 10, 20, na 30. Hitamo ukurikije ubushyuhe mugihe uhisemo

Niba urwego rwa mazutu ruri munsi yubushyuhe bukenewe, sisitemu ya lisansi muri moteri irashobora kuba ibishashara, ikabuza amavuta, kandi bikagira ingaruka kumikorere isanzwe ya moteri.

2. Ntibikwiye kwiruka kubusa igihe kirekire
Kumara igihe kirekire bidakora bizagabanya ubuziranenge bwa lisansi yatewe kandi byihutishe kwambara kare kurukuta rwa silinderi.Kuberako ubwiza bwa atomisation bufitanye isano itaziguye nigitutu cyo gutera inshinge, diameter ya inshinge n'umuvuduko wa camshaft.Bitewe na diametre ihoraho ya inshinge, ubwiza bwa atomisiyumu biterwa nigitutu cya lisansi hamwe numuvuduko wa camshaft.Gutinda umuvuduko wa camshaft, niko umuvuduko wo gutera ibitoro uzamuka, kandi nubwiza bwa atomisiyasi.Umuvuduko wa camshaft uhinduka numuvuduko wa moteri ya mazutu.Umuvuduko muremure udakora urashobora gutuma moteri ya mazutu yubushyuhe iba mike cyane kandi ituzuye, bishobora gutera imyuka ya karubone guhagarika inshinge, impeta ya piston cyangwa valve.Byongeye kandi, niba ubushyuhe bwa moteri ya mazutu ikonje cyane, amavuta ya mazutu adatwikwa azakaraba firime yamavuta kurukuta rwa silinderi hanyuma akayungurura amavuta, kugirango ibice byose byimoteri ya mazutu bidashobora gusiga neza, bigatuma habaho igihe kitaragera. kwambara ibice.Kubwibyo, igihe cyubusa kigenzurwa nkiminota 10.
Ibimaze kuvugwa haruguru nibikorwa byingenzi no kwirinda kubungabunga moteri ya mazutu.Gusa iyo moteri ikora neza imodoka irashobora kugufasha neza.


Igihe cyo kohereza: Ukuboza-25-2021